The Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center
The Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center (MSKTC) is a national center that helps facilitate the knowledge translation process to make research meaningful to those with spinal cord injury (SCI) and traumatic brain injury (TBI). The MSKTC is funded by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) and is operated by the American Institutes for Research (AIR). The MSKTC is a national center that helps facilitate the knowledge translation process to make research meaningful to those with spinal cord injury and traumatic brain injury. The MSKTC offers free resources to help with rehabilitation, daily living, relationships, and social and emotional issues. The MSKTC ensures that useful health information gets to the people who need it, by meeting information needs to improve the health and quality of life of individuals with TBI and SCI. This involves understanding those needs and developing information resources and products that meet them. MSKTC conducts research, develops information materials, and creates innovative ways for important and timely information to reach those audiences utilizing the following format;
A systematic review is a formal, organized method for compiling, evaluating and summarizing all of the published research evidence related to a specific medical or health topic. Results of a systematic review provide the best information for making decisions about treatment, practice or behavior.
Patient & Family Information
All of the available materials were produced through collaboration between the MSKTC and the Model Systems. This health information is based on research evidence and/or professional consensus and has been reviewed and approved by an editorial team of experts from the different Model Systems.
What is a Model System?
Model Systems are specialized programs of care in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and spinal cord injury (SCI) that are funded by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR). Model Systems pool information and conduct research intended to improve the long-term functional, vocational, cognitive, and quality-of-life outcomes in individuals with TBI and SCI.
What are the Model Systems National Databases?
Each Model System invites newly injured individuals to participate in an ongoing National Database of patients. Data are collected on enrolled patients at regular intervals for up to 30 years after injury. This information is used to further the understanding of the long-term consequences of these injuries and to develop improved treatments and systems of care
Spinal Cord Injury Model Systems
- Skin Care & Pressure Sores – Six part series with important information regarding pressure sores, including prevention, risk factors, and treatment options. – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/sci/factsheets/Skincare
- Pain after Spinal Cord Injury – Pain is a serious problem for many people with spinal cord injuries. Learn more about options for pain management – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/sci/factsheets/Pain
- Depression & SCI – Depression affects millions of Americans, including those with SCI. Learn more about resources and treatment options. – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/sci/factsheets/Depression
- Safe Transfer Technique – Transferring in and out of your wheelchair puts high stress on your arms and shoulders. Learn the correct way to transfer. – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/sci/factsheets/Safe-Transfer-Technique
- Wheelchair Information – These 3 factsheets include important information to help you find a wheelchair that truly meets your needs – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/sci/factsheets/Wheelchairs
- Spasticity & Spinal Cord Injury – Learn more about spasticity causes, management, and treatment options – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/sci/factsheets/Spasticity
- Employment after SCI – Most people with spinal cord injuries (SCI) want to work. Learn more about the resources and services available. – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/sci/factsheets/Employment-After-Spinal-Cord-Injury
- Gait Training & SCI – Gait training is practicing walking with assistive devices, braces and other types of support as needed. – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/sci/factsheets/Gait-Training-and-SCI
Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems
- Understanding TBI – Traumatic brain injury (TBI) refers to damage to the brain caused by an external physical force such as a car accident, a gunshot wound to the head, or a fall. Learn more about TBI in this 4 part series – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Understanding-TBI
- Acute Inpatient Rehabilitation – Inpatient rehabilitation is designed to help you improve function after a moderate to severe traumatic brain injury. Learn more about inpatient rehabilitation. – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Traumatic-Brain-Injury-And-Acute-Inpatient-Rehabilitation
- Alcohol & TBI – Alcohol use and TBI are closely related. Up to two-thirds of people with TBI have a history of alcohol abuse or risky drinking. Learn more about the risks of alcohol abuse and TBI. – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Alcohol-Use-After-Traumatic-Brain-Injury
- Balance Problems & TBI – People with traumatic brain injury (TBI) commonly report problems with balance. Learn more about balance, dizziness, and possible treatment options – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Balance-Problems-After-Traumatic-Brain-Injury
- Cognitive Problems – Cognition is the act of knowing or thinking. Learn more about cognitive problems with TBI and strategies for addressing them. – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Cognitive-Problems-After-Traumatic-Brain-Injury
- Depression – Depression is a feeling of sadness, loss, despair or hopelessness that does not get better over time and is overwhelming enough to interfere with daily life. Learn more about depression in TBI – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Depression-After-Traumatic-Brain-Injury
- Driving – A brain injury can affect the skills needed to drive safely. Learn more about driving after a brain injury. – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Driving-After-Traumatic-Brain-Injury
- Emotional Problems – A brain injury can change the way people feel or express emotions. Learn more about emotional problems after a brain injury. – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Emotional-Problems-After-Traumatic-Brain-Injury
- Fatigue – Fatigue is a feeling of exhaustion, tiredness, weariness or lack of energy. Learn more about fatigue in individuals with TBI. – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Fatigue-And-Traumatic-Brain-Injury
- Headaches – Headache is one of the most common symptoms after traumatic brain injury (often called post-traumatic headache). Learn more about headaches after TBI – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Headaches-After-Traumatic-Brain-Injury
- Returning to School – Parental involvement is critical when a young person is returning to school after a traumatic brain injury. Learn more about how you can help your child with returning to school after TBI – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Returning-To-School-After-Traumatic-Brain-Injury
- Seizures – One of the problems that can occur after a traumatic brain injury is seizures. Learn more about seizures and treatment options. – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Seizures-After-Traumatic-Brain-Injury
- Sexuality – Changes in sexual functioning are common after TBI. Learn more about how you can resolve sexual problems after TBI. – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Sexuality-After-Traumatic-Brain-Injury
- Sleep – Many people who have brain injuries suffer from sleep disturbances. Learn more about common causes of sleep problems after TBI. – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Sleep-And-Traumatic-Brain-Injury
- Vegetative States – Severe brain injury causes a change in consciousness. Brain injury can cause a wide range of disturbances of consciousness. Learn more about treatments, recovery, and options for care settings – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Vegetative-And-Minimally-Conscious-States-After-Severe-Brain-Injury
- Relationships After TBI – After traumatic brain injury (TBI), many couples find that their relationship with each other changes dramatically. Learn more about couples’ relationships after a TBI. – See more at: http://www.msktc.org/tbi/factsheets/Relationships-After-Traumatic-Brain-Injury